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FORTE photo paper & film factory

· 1912 – idea about a photopaper factory in Vác, Hungary by Kodak

· 1913 – first buildings of the factory were built (powerhouse, water tower, baryta building and engineer apartment)

· 1914 – the construction stops during the 1st world war

· 1921 – the consturcion continues with 600 workers

· 19 March 1922 – the new Kodak factory starting produce of 7 types of photopaper in Vác, Hungary (1st photocemical plant in the county)

· First tests show these papers made in Hungary has the same quality made in UK

· 17 May 1928 – George Eastman, the founder of Kodak visited the factory in Vác

· 1939 – producing 800.000 m2 photopaper per year with 160 employee

· 6 Sept 1939 – english leadership leave the factory

· April 1944 – the factory was declared a military operation with a german commander

· Rumors say the photos of the air reconnaissance were developing in the factory

· Nov 1944 – the machines, raw materials and finished products were loaded on barges and started to Germany on the Danube

· 4-5 Dec 1944 – british aircrafts bomb the factory, 49 hits, 5 deaths

· Sep 1945 – stolen factory equipments were found in Germany and Czechoslovakia

· 1946 – Kodak started to liquidate the factory

· 30 June 1947 – Kodak Ltd. sold the factory in Vác to Forte Photocemical Industry (owned by Hungarian General Credit Bank)

· 18 June 1947 – the factory started again after the war ruins were cleared

· 10.00 am 16 July 1947 – opening ceremony of Forte Photocemical Industry with 97 employee

· 1949 – the factory was nationalized, new name is Forte Photocemical Industry National Corporation (129 employee)

· Photographic plate production starts

· New film factory building and first film casting experiments

· 1951 – roll film and 35mm film producing starts in the new film casting plant

· 1954 – X-ray film producing begins

· 1955 – producing 1.933 thousands m2 of photopaper and 319 thousands m2 of film per year with 529 employee

· 1957 – as a result of long research work, colorful kino positive film producing begins

· 1958 – 1963 – 1st reconstruction investment (new film casting building, developing the air conditioning system / anti- dust system / drying system, waterworks, new film factory building, quality controll labor)

· The outdoor curved drying track was an unique innovation in the photographic industry

· 1960 – Fortecolor Typ2 colorful photopaper

· 1961 – 1968 – 2nd reconstruction investment (11 floors emulsion plant, casting preparation plant, new baryt plant, new casting building, new preventive maintenance plant and new refrigeration plant)

· 1968 – business connection with more than 50 countries, producing 10 million m2 photopaper and 1 million m2 film per year

· 1977 – production of new C41 process colorful negative films begins

· 1987 – new plastic coated poligrade photopaper production begins

· 1 July 1992 – new name is Forte Photochemistry (100% state property)

· 1994 – the state ownership of the factory extended with managers and employee ownership for 50% + 1 share

· 2004 – the factory is asking for liquidation

· 2005 – new owners, new name is Forteinvest

· Feb 2007 – the new company cancel the photo industry activities

Source: Vác City Archives

Archive photocredits: Vác City Archives / Rudolf Járai @ Hungarian Photography Museum / MTI

cooling tower of forte


Heller-Forgó air-conditioned cooling system


· 2 hungarian Kossuth-award winner engineers's (Laszlo Heller / Laszlo Forgo) world famous invention (patent)

· it uses air to cool the factory's condenser water in a closed system without water lossless

· it solved the plant's huge water requirement for cooling

· the prototype released at Budapest International Market in 1957

· first the largest british electricity company (English Electric Company) signed a high amount patent agreement, than China ordered the system as well

I found a 35mm negative film roll on the floor in the emulsion plant (and i scanned it)

Maybe a private memory of an employee from the emulsion plant? If you recognized them please let me know!

Update: We found them! The lady's father was an employee in the photo paper factory! Woww!

All posts >>> https://www.bellonpictures.com/underground

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